As part of research project, the disposal of old mattresses in Germany was critically examined. The total requirement of mattresses im Germany is estimated at around 80.7 million mattresses. The average useful life of a mattress is 10 years. Usually, mattresses from private households are disposed of with bulky waste. According to sorting analyzes, bulky waste contains approx. 225.000 t/a of old mattresses. In adddition, some retailers offer the return of old mattresses. In Germany, old mattresses are mainly used for energy recovery. Manuel dismantling and the resale of the raw materials contained are only carried out in one facility in Germany. Automated dismantling processes have not yet been used in Germany. The greatest obstacles to the recycling of old mattresses are the complex mattress design, the collecting structure, in which the penetration of moisture cannot be ruled out, the economic comeptition for energy and insufficient sales markets for the recycable materials. In order to expolit the inherent recycling potential, suggestions for measures to improve material recycling were propoded in the study.